Channel: Edupedia World
Description: High School World History
World History : Ancient Greece | Archaic and Classical Age
Periodization of Ancient Greece
Bronze Age c. 2000-1200
Dark Ages 1100-800
Archaic Age 800-500
Classical Age 500-323
Hellenistic Era 323-27 BC (0:10 – 1:16)
Pelasgians : The name Pelasgians was used by some ancient Greek writers to refer to populations that either were the ancestors of the Greeks or preceded the Greeks in Greece, “a hold-all term for any ancient, primitive and presumably indigenous people in the Greek world”. In general, “Pelasgian” has come to mean more broadly all the indigenous inhabitants of the Aegean Sea region and their cultures before the advent of the Greek language. (1:16 – 5:52)
Archaic and Classical Age :
The Greek territories and colonies during the Archaic period. The Archaic period in Greece (800 BC – 480 BC) is a period of ancient Greek history that followed the Greek Dark Ages.
The Classical Period of ancient Greece was a time when the Greeks achieved new heights in art, architecture, theater, and philosophy. Democracy in Athens was refined under the leadership of Pericles.
Sparta : Sparta was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece, situated on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. It emerged as a political entity around the 10th century BC, when the invading Dorians subjugated the local, non-Dorian population. Around 650 BC, it rose to become the dominant military land-power in ancient Greece.
Athens : Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world’s oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning around 3,400 years, and the earliest human presence around the 11th–7th millennium BC. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state that emerged in conjunction with the seagoing development of the port of Piraeus.
Athenian Legislators : Athenians in the 4th century were governed by laws (nomoi or nomos, νόμος, in the singular) and decrees (psephismata, or psephisma, ψήφισμα, in the singular). Decrees were passed by a vote of the Assembly, of the Council, or both. Laws came into being by a more complicated process. Laws took precedence over Decrees.
Greco-Persian Wars : By some distance, the main source for the Greco-Persian Wars is the Greek historian Herodotus. Herodotus, who has been called the “Father of History”, was born in 484 BC in Halicarnassus, Asia Minor (then part of the Persian empire)
Peloponnesian War : The Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases. (5:52 – 17:30)
Hellenistic Age : In consequence, the Hellenistic Period is usually accepted to begin in 323 BC with Alexander’s death and ends in 31 BC with the conquest of the last Hellenistic kingdom by Rome, the Lagid kingdom of Egypt. (17:31 – 22:30)