Channel: Philosophical Times
Bryan Magee and Geoffrey Warnock discuss the German philosopher Immanuel Kant, who is considered the central figure in modern philosophy. Kant synthesized early rationalism and empiricism, set the terms for much of 19th and 20th century philosophy, and continues to exercise a significant influence today in epistemology, ontology, ethics, political philosophy, aesthetics, and other fields. Kant is famous for many ideas, including his distinction between appearances and things-in-themselves, and that the basic categories of the mind structure experience. He had argued that we can only know things as they appear and come to us through our sensory and mental faculties, not how they are in themselves independent of us and our mental apparatus. Among other things, this allowed for the possibility of synthetic a priori knowledge, i.e. necessary and substantial truths that are about the world but which are not derived from the world. He is also famous for deontology in moral philosophy, especially his notion of the categorical imperative, and that reason is the ultimate source of morality. He also famously maintained that aesthetics is based on a faculty of disinterested judgment.
Published: March 28, 2021 5:34 am
Channel: Craig Campbell
Description: Immanuel Kant was born at Königsberg East Prussia in 1724 and was educated at the University of Konigsberg from the years 1740-1746. He then taught at the same university from 1746 until his death in 1804. His philosophical works include The Critique of Pure Reason in 1781 and The Critique of Practical Reason in 1787. This little slide show is made up of the preface to each book. The links below will take you to the whole books which have been read by Librivox volunteers.
Published: June 28, 2014 6:42 pm
Channel: Philosophy Overdose
Description: In this talk, Tobias Rosefeldt proposes a new answer to the “neglected alternative” objection to Kant’s argument for transcendental idealism. According to Kant’s transcendental idealism, space and time are forms of our intuition and not mind-independent things in themselves. One of Kant’s arguments is that, if space and time were things in themselves, it would not actually be possible for us to have the *a priori* intuitions of space and time that we do have. One objection to this argument is to suggest that space and time might be both forms of intuitions AND things in themselves. This objection is sometimes called the neglected alternative. Tobias Rosefeldt defends Kant against this particular objection. This talk was given by Tobias Rosefeldt in February 2016 at the University of London, as part of the Aristotelian Society. Tobias Rosefeldt is professor of philosophy at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. He works on Kant’s theoretical philosophy and has written a book on Kant’s theory of the self. He is currently interested in giving an interpretation of Kant’s distinction between appearances and things in themselves that is able to solve some of the notorious problems with it. He is also interested in contemporary metaphysics and the philosophy of language and tries to show that you can believe that there are things that do not exist without being a Meinongian.
Published: February 26, 2016 5:27 am