What is OBJECTIVISM? What does OBJECTIVISM mean? OBJECTIVISM meaning, definition & explanation

 

Channel: The Audiopedia
Duration: 3:40
Description: What is OBJECTIVISM? What does OBJECTIVISM mean? OBJECTIVISM meaning – OBJECTIVISM pronunciation – OBJECTIVISM definition – OBJECTIVISM explanation – How to pronounce OBJECTIVISM?

Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license.

“Objectivism” is a term that describes a branch of philosophy that originated in the early nineteenth century. Gottlob Frege was the first to apply it, when he expounded an epistemological and metaphysical theory contrary to that of Immanuel Kant. Kant’s rationalism attempted to reconcile the failures he perceived in philosophical realism.

Stronger versions of this claim hold that there is only one correct description of this reality. If it is true that reality is mind-independent, then reality might include objects that are unknown to consciousness and thus might include objects not the subject of intensionality. Objectivity in referring requires a definition of truth. According to metaphysical objectivists, an object may truthfully be said to have this or that attribute, as in the statement “This object exists,” whereas the statement “This object is true” or “false” is meaningless. For them, only propositions have truth values. The terms “objectivity” and “objectivism” are not synonymous, with objectivism being an ontological theory that incorporates a commitment to the objectivity of objects.

Plato’s idealism was a form of metaphysical objectivism, holding that the Ideas exist objectively and independently. Berkeley’s empiricist idealism, on the other hand, could be called a subjectivism: he held that things only exist to the extent that they are perceived. Both theories claim methods of objectivity. Plato’s definition of objectivity can be found in his epistemology, which takes as a model mathematics, and his metaphysics, where knowledge of the ontological status of objects and ideas is resistant to change.

Plato considered knowledge of geometry a condition of philosophical knowledge, both being concerned with universal truths. Plato’s opposition between objective knowledge and doxa (opinions) became the basis for later philosophies intent on resolving the problem of reality, knowledge, and human existence. Personal opinions belong to the changing sphere of the sensible, opposed to a fixed and eternal incorporeal realm that is mutually intelligible.

Where Plato distinguishes between what and how we know things (epistemology), and their ontological status as things (metaphysics), subjectivism such as Berkeley’s and a mind dependence of knowledge and reality fails to distinguish between what one knows and what is to be known, or at least explains the distinction superficially. In Platonic terms, a criticism of subjectivism is that it is difficult to distinguish between knowledge, doxa, and subjective knowledge (true belief), distinctions that Plato makes.

The importance of perception in evaluating and understanding objective reality is debated. Realists argue that perception is key in directly observing objective reality, while instrumentalists hold that perception is not necessarily useful in directly observing objective reality, but is useful in interpreting and predicting reality. The concepts that encompasses these ideas are important in the philosophy of science.
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Published: August 18, 2016 3:34 am

Martin heidegger and I’mmanual kant

 

Channel: jsneuzil agent99
Duration: 6:52
Description: I identify heidegger ‘ s “kant and the problem of metaphysics” as one of the most important works of kant scholarship. Heidegger ‘ s appreciation for the poetic creativity of the human mind comes through emphatically in this work. Platonic philosophy, as poetic reason, is defended in this work. Mh shares kant ‘ s high estimation of human freedom, but he is at odds with kant’s mechanization of human reason.
Published: October 2, 2015 7:20 am

Kant’s Objection to the Cosmological Argument

 

Channel: Carneades.org
Duration: 5:10
Description: An explication of Kant’s objection to the cosmological argument, including an outlining of the difference between Logical, Modal and Factual Necessity. Information for this video gathered from The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy and more. Information for this video gathered from The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy and more!
Published: November 10, 2013 11:59 pm

Duty as One’s Only Motive (Immanuel Kant, Groundwork) – A Course In Ethics

 

Channel: Gregory B. Sadler
Duration: 1:55:8
Description: In this lecture/discussion video from my 2011 Ethics class at Marist College, we begin our study of Deontological moral theory by starting with Immanuel Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. We discuss the nature of duty, the good will, the purpose of rationality, happiness, and touch on the Categorical Imperative.
Published: April 16, 2012 7:36 pm

Immanuel Kant, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals – Introduction to Philosophy

 

Channel: Gregory B. Sadler
Duration: 1:2:38
Description: In this session from my 2011 Introduction to Philosophy class at Marist College, we start our study of Immanuel Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. In this, and the subsequent video — as opposed to going over the same material in my Ethics class — I focus more on the implications for the nature of the human person and less on the moral theory per se.
Published: December 1, 2011 12:41 am

Immanuel Kant: The Great Synthesizer

 

Channel: LennyBound
Duration: 7:43
Description: This clip describes Immanuel Kant’s great synthesis of the rationalist and empiricist philosophical traditions. Kant famously stated “Percepts without concepts are empty; concepts without percepts are blind.” Kant argues that our experience of reality is not merely passive, but rather that the mind actively structures how we encounter the world. The clip then explains the difference between analytic/synthetic judgments and a priori/a posteriori judgments. It then closes with a brief description of Kant’s deontological ethical theory, and his critique of metaphysics.
Published: May 19, 2009 5:46 am