Closing the Gap: Kant’s Transcendental Idealism & the Neglected Alternative


Channel: Philosophy Overdose
Duration: 50:31
Description: In this talk, Tobias Rosefeldt proposes a new answer to the “neglected alternative” objection to Kant’s argument for transcendental idealism. According to Kant’s transcendental idealism, space and time are forms of our intuition and not mind-independent things in themselves. One of Kant’s arguments is that, if space and time were things in themselves, it would not actually be possible for us to have the *a priori* intuitions of space and time that we do have. One objection to this argument is to suggest that space and time might be both forms of intuitions AND things in themselves. This objection is sometimes called the neglected alternative. Tobias Rosefeldt defends Kant against this particular objection. This talk was given by Tobias Rosefeldt in February 2016 at the University of London, as part of the Aristotelian Society. Tobias Rosefeldt is professor of philosophy at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. He works on Kant’s theoretical philosophy and has written a book on Kant’s theory of the self. He is currently interested in giving an interpretation of Kant’s distinction between appearances and things in themselves that is able to solve some of the notorious problems with it. He is also interested in contemporary metaphysics and the philosophy of language and tries to show that you can believe that there are things that do not exist without being a Meinongian.
Published: February 26, 2016 5:27 am

Kant’s Dove & Wittgenstein’s Ice-Walker


Channel: Philosophy Overdose
Duration: 16:42
Description: James Conant compares and discusses a metaphor from Kant and the later Wittgenstein.
“Deceived by such a proof of the power of reason, we can perceive no limits to the extension of our knowledge. The light dove cleaving in free flight the thin air, whose resistance it feels, might imagine that her movements would be far more free and rapid in airless space.”
-Immanuel Kant (Introduction of the Critique of Pure Reason)
“The more narrowly we examine actual language, the sharper becomes the conflict between it and our requirement. (For the crystalline purity of logic was, of course, not a result of investigation: it was a requirement.) The conflict becomes intolerable; the requirement is now in danger of becoming empty.—We have got on to slippery ice where there is no friction and so in a certain sense the conditions are ideal, but also, just because of that, we are unable to walk. We want to walk: so we need friction. Back to the rough ground!”
-Wittgenstein (Section 107 of Philosophical Investigations)
This from the 5th Wittgenstein Summer School in Kirchberg am Wechsel in Lower Austria, 2013.
Published: September 3, 2017 3:30 am