1 Kant’s Project in The Critique of Pure Reason

 

Channel: Philosophy Overdose
Duration: 46:55
Description: Professor Dan Robinson gives the first lecture in this series on Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason. Both sense and reason are limited. Kant must identify the proper mission and domain of each, as well as the manner in which their separate functions come to be integrated in what is finally the inter-subjectively settled knowledge of science. It remains a matter of controversy as to just what the central project of the Critique is, but surely one objective is to establish the character and range of objective knowledge in light of the limits of sense and reason. The lectures in this series are intended to clarify the major claims advanced by Kant in this connection, and to test the arguments he adduces in their support. This series of talks was given at Oxford. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLBHxLhKiPKxDVZ1QyWMRyaJC6vRhU2qSU
Published: March 30, 2016 9:04 pm

6 Kant’s Transcendental Deduction of The Categories

 

Channel: Philosophy Overdose
Duration: 40:33
Description: Professor Dan Robinson gives the sixth lecture in this series on Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason. Empiricists have no explanation for how we move from “mere forms of thought” to objective concepts. The conditions necessary for the knowledge of an object require a priori categories as the enabling conditions of all human understanding. It remains a matter of controversy as to just what the central project of the Critique is, but surely one objective is to establish the character and range of objective knowledge in light of the limits of sense and reason. The lectures in this series are intended to clarify the major claims advanced by Kant in this connection, and to test the arguments he adduces in their support. This series of talks was given at Oxford. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLBHxLhKiPKxA3KsvoxbVnnXBMJleK2dvF
Published: August 2, 2014 5:28 am

Introduction to Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason 2-4

 

Channel: teachphilosophy
Duration: 5:26
Description:
I review some important vocab and historical context. In the next video, I will introduce the specifics of some of his arguments in the first section of the Critique (Transcendental Aesthetic). An “easy” way to understand Kant’s Project in the Critique of Pure Reason.
Recommended reading. I don’t recommend reading the primary source alone, even the most intelligent person will need a commentary/secondary source. I used this translation by Smith: http://amzn.to/1E7hqlP and this commentary by Routledge/Gardner: http://amzn.to/1E7hqlP Finally, the most lucid and concise general intro to kant is in Coppleston’s History of Philosophy here http://amzn.to/1E76u7o or, of course, Durant’s History of Philosophy here: http://amzn.to/1JkI6LI Coppleston’s History of Philosophy is still the most thorough, and Durant’s is a much shorter book…a pleasure to read… one of the first philosophy books I read in the 1980s.
Published: September 28, 2013 3:52 pm

Introduction to Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason 4-4

 

Channel: teachphilosophy
Duration: 23:13
Description: The final video introducing Kant…. for now. 🙂 An “easy” way to understand Kant’s Project in the Critique of Pure Reason.
Recommended reading. I don’t recommend reading the primary source alone, even the most intelligent person will need a commentary/secondary source. I used this translation by Smith: http://amzn.to/1E7hqlP and this commentary by Routledge/Gardner: http://amzn.to/1E7hqlP Finally, the most lucid and concise general intro to kant is in Coppleston’s History of Philosophy here http://amzn.to/1E76u7o or, of course, Durant’s History of Philosophy here: http://amzn.to/1JkI6LI Coppleston’s History of Philosophy is still the most thorough, and Durant’s is a much shorter book…a pleasure to read… one of the first philosophy books I read in the 1980s.
Published: May 2, 2014 12:57 am

What is OBJECTIVISM? What does OBJECTIVISM mean? OBJECTIVISM meaning, definition & explanation

 

Channel: The Audiopedia
Duration: 3:40
Description: What is OBJECTIVISM? What does OBJECTIVISM mean? OBJECTIVISM meaning – OBJECTIVISM pronunciation – OBJECTIVISM definition – OBJECTIVISM explanation – How to pronounce OBJECTIVISM?

Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license.

“Objectivism” is a term that describes a branch of philosophy that originated in the early nineteenth century. Gottlob Frege was the first to apply it, when he expounded an epistemological and metaphysical theory contrary to that of Immanuel Kant. Kant’s rationalism attempted to reconcile the failures he perceived in philosophical realism.

Stronger versions of this claim hold that there is only one correct description of this reality. If it is true that reality is mind-independent, then reality might include objects that are unknown to consciousness and thus might include objects not the subject of intensionality. Objectivity in referring requires a definition of truth. According to metaphysical objectivists, an object may truthfully be said to have this or that attribute, as in the statement “This object exists,” whereas the statement “This object is true” or “false” is meaningless. For them, only propositions have truth values. The terms “objectivity” and “objectivism” are not synonymous, with objectivism being an ontological theory that incorporates a commitment to the objectivity of objects.

Plato’s idealism was a form of metaphysical objectivism, holding that the Ideas exist objectively and independently. Berkeley’s empiricist idealism, on the other hand, could be called a subjectivism: he held that things only exist to the extent that they are perceived. Both theories claim methods of objectivity. Plato’s definition of objectivity can be found in his epistemology, which takes as a model mathematics, and his metaphysics, where knowledge of the ontological status of objects and ideas is resistant to change.

Plato considered knowledge of geometry a condition of philosophical knowledge, both being concerned with universal truths. Plato’s opposition between objective knowledge and doxa (opinions) became the basis for later philosophies intent on resolving the problem of reality, knowledge, and human existence. Personal opinions belong to the changing sphere of the sensible, opposed to a fixed and eternal incorporeal realm that is mutually intelligible.

Where Plato distinguishes between what and how we know things (epistemology), and their ontological status as things (metaphysics), subjectivism such as Berkeley’s and a mind dependence of knowledge and reality fails to distinguish between what one knows and what is to be known, or at least explains the distinction superficially. In Platonic terms, a criticism of subjectivism is that it is difficult to distinguish between knowledge, doxa, and subjective knowledge (true belief), distinctions that Plato makes.

The importance of perception in evaluating and understanding objective reality is debated. Realists argue that perception is key in directly observing objective reality, while instrumentalists hold that perception is not necessarily useful in directly observing objective reality, but is useful in interpreting and predicting reality. The concepts that encompasses these ideas are important in the philosophy of science.
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Published: August 18, 2016 3:34 am

Martin heidegger and I’mmanual kant

 

Channel: jsneuzil agent99
Duration: 6:52
Description: I identify heidegger ‘ s “kant and the problem of metaphysics” as one of the most important works of kant scholarship. Heidegger ‘ s appreciation for the poetic creativity of the human mind comes through emphatically in this work. Platonic philosophy, as poetic reason, is defended in this work. Mh shares kant ‘ s high estimation of human freedom, but he is at odds with kant’s mechanization of human reason.
Published: October 2, 2015 7:20 am

Kant’s Objection to the Cosmological Argument

 

Channel: Carneades.org
Duration: 5:10
Description: An explication of Kant’s objection to the cosmological argument, including an outlining of the difference between Logical, Modal and Factual Necessity. Information for this video gathered from The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy and more. Information for this video gathered from The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy and more!
Published: November 10, 2013 11:59 pm