“Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the cult of Mithras, a mystery religion that existed in the Roman Empire from the 1st to the 4th centuries AD. Also known as the Mysteries of Mithras, its origins are uncertain. Academics have suggested a link with the ancient Vedic god Mitra and the Iranian Zoroastrian deity Mithra, but the extent and nature of the connection is a matter of controversy. Followers of Mithras are thought to have taken part in various rituals, most notably communal meals and a complex seven-stage initiation system. Typical depictions of Mithras show him being born from a rock, enjoying food with the sun god Sol and stabbing a bull. Mithraic places of worship have been found throughout the Roman world, including an impressive example in London. However, Mithraism went into decline in the 4th century AD with the rise of Christianity and eventually completely disappeared. In recent decades, many aspects of the cult have provoked debate, especially as there are no written accounts by its members. As a result, archaeology has been of great importance in the study of Mithraism and has provided new insights into the religion and its adherents.
Published: December 27, 2012 8:37 pm
Description: An unforgettable interactive, fun, emotional and educational experience.Buying the “Special Rome 3D” on-line on http://www.terravision.eu/special_rome_ancient.html, you are entitled to a round trip ticket from Fiumicino or Ciampino airport to Rome Termini (Central Railway Station) and the entrance to 3D Rewind Rome — The interactive Museum of ancient Rome to enjoy an amazing and virtual journey in the Rome of the Caesars!
Published: October 3, 2011 1:42 pm
Description: An amble along the Ancient Appian Way (Appia Antica) is actually a leap back in time to understand the daily life of the Imperial and Republican Rome.
Appia Antica is also known as “Regina Viarum,” and is composed of slabs of lavic rock (basalt). Originally built as a military road, it later became an important commercial artery connecting Rome to its Imperial Provinces.
Numerous funerary monuments stand along the Appia Antica; the monuments belonged to Ancient Rome’s most important families, and were symbols of pride and, in their culture, of guaranteed eternity. One example of these is the impressive Mausoleum of Cecilia Metella.
There are also remains of suburban villas like Villa dei Quintili, which served both agricultural and residential uses.
Published: February 17, 2014 2:27 pm
Channel: Manuel Bøttini
Description: Rome seemed to own the world. Her empire stretched from Scotland to the Sahara. Her army controlled three continents. Fifty million people lived under her laws. Rome’s Empire was the greatest political prize the world had ever seen. “Seduction of Power” is the story of those who would do anything to win it. The same political system that had created the magnificent monuments of the Roman Empire, the Pantheon, the Coliseum, the Forum and provided “bread and circuses” for all, would prove a breeding ground fo self-interest, assassination and civil wars. The same highly-disciplined Legions that had conquered an area of more than two million square miles would desolve into warring factions, be turned against Rome’s own citizenry and in the end, prove unable to maintain the expanse of its conquests.
Published: February 27, 2019 3:36 am
Description: The Battle of Alesia or Siege of Alesia took place in September, 52 BC around the Gallic oppidum of Alesia, a major town centre and hill fort of the Mandubii tribe.
It was fought by the army of the Roman Republic commanded by Julius Caesar, aided by cavalry commanders Mark Antony, Titus Labienus and Gaius Trebonius, against a confederation of Gallic tribes united under the leadership of Vercingetorix of the Averni, and was the last major engagement between Gauls and Romans, marking the turning point of the Gallic Wars in favour of Rome.
The siege of Alesia is considered one of Caesar’s greatest military achievements, and is still one of the classic examples of siege warfare and circumvallation.
It was situated probably atop Mont Auxois, above modern Alise-Sainte-Reine in France, but this location—some have argued—does not fit Caesar’s description of the battle.
A number of alternatives have been proposed over time, among which only Chaux-des-Crotenay (in Jura in modern France) remains a challenger today.
At one point in the battle the Romans were outnumbered by the Gauls by five to one.
The event is described by several contemporary authors, including Caesar himself in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico.
After the Roman victory, Gaul (very roughly modern France) was subdued and became a Roman province.
The refusal of the Roman senate to allow Caesar the honour of a triumph for his victory in the Gallic Wars eventually led, in part, to the Roman Civil War which start in 49 and finished in 45 BC.
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Published: October 19, 2008 3:44 pm
Channel: AP Archive
Description: Rome, Italy – June 2007
1. Wide of Roman forum, pan of arch of Septimius Severus to columns of Temple of Saturn
2. Mid of angel on arch of Septimius Severus
3. Virtual simulation of ancient Rome, showing bas-relief of angel on arch of Septimius Severus
4. Moves through arch onto Via Sacra past Basilica Emilia
5. Wide of tourists walking through columns
7. Rome reborn simulation looking across Roman Forum
8. Mid of Rome reborn simulation Roman Senate building
9. Mid of Rome reborn simulations of Votive Columns
10. Mid of tourists walking
11. SOUNDBITE: (English) Professor Bernard Frisher, Director Rome Reborn Project
“Rome Reborn is an international project that we started in 1996 to make a 3D computer model of the entire city of Ancient Rome within the Aurelian walls. The goal is to illustrate the entire sweep of Roman urban history from the late bronze age, when we get the first settlements in the city, about 1000 B.C., to 552 A.D., or the end of the gothic wars, when the city was pretty much depopulated and terribly destroyed, and the medieval period begins.”
12. Rome Reborn simulation top view of Ancient Rome moving from Circus Maximus to Coliseums
13. SOUNDBITE: (English) Professor Bernard Frisher, Director Rome Reborn Project
“Once we have the model, since it is a digital product it could be re-purposed in any number of ways. It could be used as an asset in a TV program or in a movie and it has been, we have licensed the Coliseum and so on. Kids love this kind of thing. We have a 3D theatre at UCLA where I was for 30 years and now at the University of Virginia. School-children come all the time and we think that in the 21st century school kids are going to learn their history by taking virtual tours of places like ancient Rome or athens, Jerusalem, Machu Pichu, and not just reading about these places in books.”
14. Various of Coliseum and traffic
15. Tilt up from traffic to coliseum
16. Mid of Rome Reborn Simulation of Coliseum, moves inside coliseum
17. Mid of two women walking towards Arch of Constantine
18. SOUNDBITE: (English), Joel Myers, CEO Virtuality Rome Rewind
“Once the audience gets into ancient Rome they will be involved in various sorts of activities, everything from being involved in a debate at the Senate house, very raucous affair, a bit like today’s senates and parliaments, they will be wandering around the forum, and they will get to know what is going on there, and they will end up in the Coliseum, obviously a great day at the games and a lot of excitement and the feel that you are actually there.”
19. Trailer for “Rewind Rome” showing little boy putting on glassed to look at virtual reality of ancient roman gladiators in Coliseum
20. SOUNDBITE: (English), Joel Myers, CEO Virtuality, Rome Rewind
“What we want the audience to feel is that when they have come out of this experience, it is not as if there were told what ancient Rome was like, they felt as if they were there, they felt as if they had experienced it. Now this not only makes if more exciting, and hopefully they will go on to learn a lot more about what ancient Rome was about, they will have seen a lot and hopefully subconsciously have taken in a lot of information, but they are actually next to the theme park of today. We are in ancient Rome as you walk around, but the problem is it is very difficult to understand what was going on as you walk around the Roman Forum of the Coliseum. So, when you are walking around a place like the forum it is a very beautiful walk in the park, an archaeological park, but you really need to understand what each area was about and get the feeling of what it was like 2000 years ago.”
Published: July 21, 2015 1:33 pm