Rome, the Ancient Appian Way

 

Channel: Italia.it
Duration: 3:55
Description: An amble along the Ancient Appian Way (Appia Antica) is actually a leap back in time to understand the daily life of the Imperial and Republican Rome.
Appia Antica is also known as “Regina Viarum,” and is composed of slabs of lavic rock (basalt). Originally built as a military road, it later became an important commercial artery connecting Rome to its Imperial Provinces.
Numerous funerary monuments stand along the Appia Antica; the monuments belonged to Ancient Rome’s most important families, and were symbols of pride and, in their culture, of guaranteed eternity. One example of these is the impressive Mausoleum of Cecilia Metella.
There are also remains of suburban villas like Villa dei Quintili, which served both agricultural and residential uses.
Published: February 17, 2014 2:27 pm

Battle of Alesia (September, 52 BC)

 

Channel: oceanospotamos
Duration: 9:46
Description: The Battle of Alesia or Siege of Alesia took place in September, 52 BC around the Gallic oppidum of Alesia, a major town centre and hill fort of the Mandubii tribe.
It was fought by the army of the Roman Republic commanded by Julius Caesar, aided by cavalry commanders Mark Antony, Titus Labienus and Gaius Trebonius, against a confederation of Gallic tribes united under the leadership of Vercingetorix of the Averni, and was the last major engagement between Gauls and Romans, marking the turning point of the Gallic Wars in favour of Rome.
The siege of Alesia is considered one of Caesar’s greatest military achievements, and is still one of the classic examples of siege warfare and circumvallation.
It was situated probably atop Mont Auxois, above modern Alise-Sainte-Reine in France, but this location—some have argued—does not fit Caesar’s description of the battle.
A number of alternatives have been proposed over time, among which only Chaux-des-Crotenay (in Jura in modern France) remains a challenger today.
At one point in the battle the Romans were outnumbered by the Gauls by five to one.
The event is described by several contemporary authors, including Caesar himself in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico.
After the Roman victory, Gaul (very roughly modern France) was subdued and became a Roman province.
The refusal of the Roman senate to allow Caesar the honour of a triumph for his victory in the Gallic Wars eventually led, in part, to the Roman Civil War which start in 49 and finished in 45 BC.
Dagda Sucellos Ogmios Taranis Teutates Esus Tarvos Trigaranus Belenus Belinus Belenos Belinos Belinu Belanu Bellinus Belus Bel Gallia Narbonensis Buxenus Fagus Intarabus Toutatis Gobannos Rug Rosemerta Tutanis
Published: October 19, 2008 3:44 pm

Technology and Revolution in Roman Architecture

 

Channel: YaleCourses
Duration: 1:10:49
Description: Roman Architecture (HSAR 252) Professor Kleiner discusses the revolution in Roman architecture resulting from the widespread adoption of concrete in the late second and first centuries B.C. She contrasts what she calls innovative Roman architecture with the more traditional buildings already surveyed and documents a shift from the use of concrete for practical purposes to an exploration of its expressive possibilities. The lecture concludes with a discussion of the Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia at Palestrina, an impressive terraced complex that uses concrete to transform a mountain into a work of architecture, with ramps and stairs leading from one level to the next and porticoes revealing panoramic views of nature and of man-made architectural forms.
00:00 – Chapter 1. Roman Concrete and the Revolution in Roman Architecture
13:26 – Chapter 2. The First Experiments in Roman Concrete Construction
25:11 – Chapter 3. Sanctuaries and the Expressive Potential of Roman Concrete Construction
41:28 – Chapter 4. Innovations in Concrete at Rome: The Tabularium and The Theater of Marcellus
56:56 – Chapter 5. Concrete Transforms a Mountain at Palestrina
Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses
This course was recorded in Spring 2009.
Published: September 14, 2009 10:56 pm

Pantheon – Ancient Rome

 

Channel: Loren Abraham
Duration: 4:32
Description:
This is a final clip in a series of clips on Roman Pantheon from the educational series Drive Thru History with Dave Stotts. This it isn’t your typical tour of ruins and dusty artifacts. In a style all his own, Dave Stotts speeds through the ancient world giving you a fast-paced encounter with the people, places and events that have shaped our world and the Christian faith. In Episode 2 of the series on Rome David covers the Circus Maximus, chariot racing, the great fire of Rome, Nero’s persecutiom of Christians and the Roman Pantheon.
Published: October 25, 2013 6:56 am