Channel: Best Documentary 2016
Description: Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to c. 5th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD). Immediately following this period was the beginning of the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine era.
Included in ancient Greece is the period of Classical Greece, which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC. Classical Greece began with the era of the Persian Wars. Because of conquests by Alexander the Great of Macedonia, Hellenistic civilization flourished from Central Asia to the western end of the Mediterranean Sea.
Classical Greek culture, especially philosophy, had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean Basin and Europe. For this reason Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of modern Western culture and is considered the cradle of Western civilization
In the 8th century BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization. Literacy had been lost and Mycenaean script forgotten, but the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet, modifying it to create the Greek alphabet. From about the 9th century BC written records begin to appear.
Greece was divided into many small self-governing communities, a pattern largely dictated by Greek geography: every island, valley and plain is cut off from its neighbors by the sea or mountain ranges.
The Lelantine War (c. 710 – c. 650 BC) is the earliest documented war of the ancient Greek period. It was fought between the important poleis (city-states) of Chalcis and Eretria over the fertile Lelantine plain of Euboea. Both cities seem to have suffered a decline as result of the long war, though Chalcis was the nominal victor.
A mercantile class arose in the first half of the 7th century, shown by the introduction of coinage in about 680 BC. This seems to have introduced tension to many city-states.
The aristocratic regimes which generally governed the poleis were threatened by the new-found wealth of merchants, who in turn desired political power. From 650 BC onwards, the aristocracies had to fight not to be overthrown and replaced by populist tyrants. This word derives from the non-pejorative Greek τύραννος tyrannos, meaning ‘illegitimate ruler’, and was applicable to both good and bad leaders alike
Published: October 26, 2016 11:53 am
Description: The Ancient Greeks. The Last Years of the War; the Battles of Arginusae (406 BCE) and Aegospotami (404 BCE). The Thirty Tyrants
Published: September 6, 2016 10:07 am
Channel: Peter F Freund
Description: The creativity of ancient Greece became the rich fountainhead of all of Western civilization. Prof. Ken Chandler shows that the source of the greatness of Greece was the direct experience of infinite pure consciousness through the mysteries of Eleusys, by which every year thousands of Greeks learned to close the eyes and fathom their own inner unboundedness. Chandler concludes that Greek philosophy was not speculative, was not “thinking about thinking,” but was based on deep experience of the reality of the oneness of all creation, a theme carried forward in the writings of all the great men of both East and West. The mysteries of ancient Greece that gave rise to the glorious Periclean Age were technologies of consciousness, and the revival of those ancient technologies for experiencing the infinite in this generation can give rise to a new Golden Age for all mankind.
Published: November 2, 2013 9:15 pm
Channel: Michael Levy
Description: A live performance on replica ancient Greek tortoise shell lyre, of a spontaneous improvisation in the intensively introspective ancient Greek Dorian Mode, “Rhetoric of the Sophists”.
This latest series of videos is inspired by ancient Greek Philosophy. The improvisation features a repetitive and reoccurring motif, to represent the concept of an unyielding dogmatic view, with decorative runs to imitate the rhetorical arguments so typical of the Sophists, which were used to support their often dogmatic views…
According to Plato in “The Republic”, the ancient Greek Dorian Mode (equivalent intervals as E-E on the white notes of the piano and misnamed the “Phrygian” mode in the mixed up Middle Ages!) was the only mode which conveyed true moral worth and was the most ‘manly’ of the ancient musical modes.
The awesomely authentic replica ancient Greek tortoise shell lyre I am playing, was hand-made in modern Greece by Luthieros MusicInstruments – using only locally sourced goats horns and tortoise shells (from tortoises which have died of natural causes!) from near their village near the centre of ancient Macedonia!
These beautiful “Kylix Lyres of Pan” range of replica ancient Greek tortoise shell lyres are literally THE closet experience any very lucky musician can have, to taking the reconstructed Elgin Lyre (circa 400 BCE) from its display cabinet at the British Museum…and PLAYING it!
Published: June 29, 2015 11:15 pm
Channel: Be Transfigured Ministries
Description: Concepts such as the body-soul relationship and Logos are common “everyday” concepts to Christians of the 21st Century, but where did these concepts originate? The ancient Greeks, led many times by the philosophers, accepted not only the mystery of the Divine but intuitively knew our human relationship with the Divine through acts of worship and devotion. Thus, when Saint Paul began his sermon by saying, “Men of Athens, I perceive that in all things you are very religious; for as I was passing through and considering the objects of your worship, I even found an altar with this inscription: TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Therefore, the One whom you worship without knowing, Him I proclaim to you.” (Acts 17.22-23) The Greeks welcomed the message of Christianity and the Greek World became the venue of spreading the Gospel to the known world.
Published: June 8, 2012 7:00 am
Channel: Historical Endeavours
Description: Anaximander was born in the city of Miletus and went on to become a prominent member of the Milesian school of philosophy, following in the footsteps of his predecessor (Thales of Miletus). He took much philosophical influence from Thales but he diverged over several key areas. This is illustrated, for example, by his maintaining that there are certain elements which constitute all things but he stated that there were four elements instead of one (as Thales had believed). His main theories regarded the universe and the apeiron but he also attempted to make a map of the world and had various other theories. He is also said to have been named administrator of a Milesian colony out to the coast of the black sea.
Published: November 30, 2010 12:50 pm
Channel: Alex Drake Mamie Hall
Description: Mr. Drake talks about the beliefs and impact of the three most important Greek philosophers – Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
Published: September 25, 2012 12:52 pm